Loose teeth problems

. If you’re an adult and have a loose tooth,it may be an annoyance. In other cases, it can be painful, difficult to pronounce some words. Certainly you need immediate care.

When one tooth has this condition it also places adjacent teeth at increased risk, due to the teeth sharing the same bone structure between them. Loose teeth are usually not evident until periodontal disease (gum problems) has surpassed moderate disease levels and is currently in the severe state of the disease. Neglecting this condition can allow the disease to progress rapidly, where the tooth is so loose that you cannot chew or apply any pressure to it, and it will eventually fall out. Loose teeth progress quickly as the bacterial plaque works its way deeper below the gums as the tooth moves back and forth.

Teeth structure

Teeth are made up of layers of living tissue with a hard enamel exterior. This enamel is made up of minerals that can be damaged by bacteria (demineralization) through acids which cause cavities and other dental problems. Teeth decay prevention can be attained by making changes to your diet and dental habits. Some causes of loose teeth in adults are harmless. Others require the care of a dental professional to save the tooth, remove it, or replace it with an implant or bridge.
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  • Bleeding gums
  • Sore gums
  • Swollen, purple or red gums
  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • Pus around the tooth
  • Food packing between the teeth or under the gums
  • Gum recession

There are a number of different oral health conditions that can cause tooth loosening.

1.Gum Disease

Bacterial plaque (Dental plaque) that forms on your teeth around the gum line hardens into tartar because of inadequate brushing and flossing. As the tartar forms and more dental plaque forms on top of it which contains bacterial toxins, the gum tissue becomes inflamed, bleeds easily and pulls away from your tooth. The gums can develop periodontal pockets that form around the tooth or teeth allowing more bacteria and toxins to form deep within the pocket. This can lead to the loss of bone and connective tissues that secure your teeth in place and leads to giving rise to tooth decay

2. Osteoporosis

Loose teeth in the mouth could also be a sign of osteoporosis,“porous bone.” is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall or, in serious cases, from sneezing or minor bumps. especially in older adults. This is because it can cause your jawbones to weaken, which in turn, knocks your teeth loose.

Traumatic Forces

You can have loose teeth if you regularly grind your teeth at night, clench your jaws or have teeth that do not align properly. Any trauma to your mouth from a fall or accident can damage the ligaments and the bone around the tooth.

Methods of Loose Tooth Treatment

Depending on the severity of gum disease, you have the following options to be decided by your dentist.

1. Scaling and root planing

If you have gum disease, you’ll need a special dental cleaning procedure to remove hardened plaque that has accumulated underneath your teeth and gums. This is called scaling and root planing. You may also receive antibiotics to help kill any infection. Scaling removes tartar and bacteria, while root planing smooths the root surface and helps the gums reattach to the tooth.

2. Splinting

This is a technique used to stabilize teeth which have become loose as a result of losing the supporting bone around them to gum disease. Dental splints are the most common dental treatment Your doctor uses a piece of metal to bond two neighboring teeth. This gives the loose tooth extra support and keeps it from moving. A fiber ribbon splint is usually used, which is tooth-colored and very comfortable.

3.Saving Teeth by Bone grafting

Bone loss around loose teeth can be treated by regenerating through grafting; which increases bone support and helps keep the loose teeth in place and strong.

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