An Enigma

Oral sex is commonly practiced by sexually active couples of various age groups, including male-female and same-gender.

Oral sex can transmit oral, respiratory, and genital infections from one site in body to the other. Oral health has a direct correlation on the transmission of infection; a cut in the mouth, bleeding gums, lip sores or broken skin increases chances of life-threatening infections.Although oral sex is considered a low risk activity, it is important to use protection such as physical barriers, health and medical issues, ethical issues, and oral hygiene and dental issues.

INTRODUCTION

A significant proportion of adolescents are engaging in noncoital sexual activities which includes oral sex commonly. Oral sex refers to sexual activities involving the stimulation of the genitalia by the use of the mouth, tongue, teeth or throat.It is now very common in both heterosexual and homosexual couples among people of all sexual orientations. They may practice it as part of foreplay before, during or following sexual intercourse. Studies indicate that adolescents have had oral sex before their first experience with sexual intercourse.More adolescents have had oral sex than vaginal sex and that few adolescents who engage in oral sex use barrier protection.

ORAL CAVITY IN HEALTH


Good oral hygiene is the fundamental for good quality of life. Mouth acts as a window to lot of systemic diseases and serves as a port of entry of the various infections that can alter and affect the immune status of the person. The oral cavity has the potential to harbor about 600 different bacterial species of which more than 150 species may be present as commensal. Tooth surface can have as many as billion bacteria in its attached bacterial plaque and oral care may not only reduce the microbial load of the mouth, but the risk for pain and oral infections as well. Lesions of the oral cavity have an immense impact on the quality of life of patients with complex advanced diseases; they cause considerable morbidity and diminish patients physical and psychological well-being. The consequences of unhealthy or painful oral cavity are significant and oral health should be given paramount importance for the practice of oral sex. The good oral health permits in building up a defense against the various viruses and organisms by obstructing their entry into the body and circulation.

ORAL HEALTH AND ORAL SEX

Although very less research is available on the oral sex and oral health status but oral sex can transmit oral, respiratory, and genital pathogens.open sores, cuts, abrasions, and periodontal disease are the various channels in oral cavity that serve as a gateway of entry of infection from oral cavity to blood stream through oral sex.

PREVENTION

To avoid risks of infections during oral sex, it is advisable to keep body fluids (semen and vaginal fluids) out of the mouth.The oral cavity should be free from any potential bleeding disease.
Due to disease risks, many medical professionals advise the use of condoms or dental dams when performing or receiving oral sex with a partner whose STD status is unknown.Plastic wrap may also be used as a barrier during oral sex, but many find that the thickness of the plastic dulls sensation.

CONCLUSION

Oral sex involves giving or receiving oral stimulation (i.e., sucking or licking) to the penis, the vagina, and/or the anus. However, although the risk of STD transmission is far greater during vaginal and anal sex than during oral sex, the increasing practice of oral sex, low rates of barrier method use,increase the risk of genital pathogens. HIV, other STDs.
To reduce the risk of infection during unprotected oral sex, limit exposure to sexual fluids and ensure that no cuts or lesions are present in the mouth or on genitals. A good oral health, free from bleeding gums, lip sores, cuts, broken skin, and oral epithelium enormously reduces the chances of transmission of infection among the partners indulge in oral sex.

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