Do you have Teeth Sensitivity

Do you get twinges, get discomfort or pain in teeth when you eat or drink certain foods? The pain is often sharp and sudden, but it is temporary. The pain may shoot into the tooth’s nerve endings. Is your sensitivity a daily problem or perhaps just an occasional annoyance? Your symptoms may come and go overtime for no obvious reason. They may range from mild to intense. If so, then chances are you may have “dentin hypersensitivity,” another name for sensitive teeth. It’s not uncommon – as many as 4 in 10 adults regularly suffer from painful teeth due to sensitivity.

Let us understand what is DENTIN and TEETH ENAMEL

What is Dentin

Dentin is hard dense bony tissue forming the bulk of a tooth, beneath the enamel. Exposed dentin and tiny holes in dentin can lead to sensitivity pain.

What is enamel

Tooth enamel is the hard, outer surface layer of your teeth that serves to protect against tooth decay. In fact, tooth enamel is considered the hardest mineral substance in your body, even stronger than bone.

Symptom of Teeth Sensitivity

There is no particular group at-risk for tooth sensitivity. It can happen to anyone, The most common symptom is a sudden, sharp flash of pain when teeth are exposed to air, cold, sweet, acidic or hot foods. Some people may experience tooth sensitivity from brushing or flossing their teeth.

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Causes of Teeth Sensitivity

Tooth Enamel Damage

This damage is of two types, abrasion, and erosion.

Enamel Damage by Abrasion– is caused by something rubbing against the teeth. Brushing your teeth with a hard-bristled toothbrush, poking your teeth with toothpicks, or scraping your teeth when removing retainers or partial dentures are possible causes of tooth enamel abrasion.

Enamel Damage by Erosion-it occurs when the tooth enamel is overexposed to dietary acids from certain foods and drinks, or acids in the stomach that are regurgitated. It also can be eroded due to the toxins that are released by the plaque bacteria that are around your gum line.
Tooth Sensitivity or Increased sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods may be an early sign of tooth enamel loss. Later stages of tooth enamel loss can cause more extreme sensitivity.
In healthy teeth, enamel protects the underlying layer of dentin, which is softer than enamel. The tooth roots are protected by gums. But if the enamel is worn down or if the gum line has receded, then the dentin becomes exposed. “Cavities, cracked teeth, gum recession, enamel, and root erosion all-cause dentin to be exposed,” Culotta-Norton said. “Dentin is connected to the nerve that triggers pain in sensitive teeth.”

This acid scale taken from CREST

Other resons for sensitive teeth

1.Brushing your teeth too hard or using a hard toothbrush

2.Grinding your teeth at night. Most people clench or grind their teeth from time to time. When this becomes a habit, usually triggered by stress or anxiety, it is known as bruxism and can cause tooth sensitivity.

3,Regularly eating or drinking acidic foods and beverages. Everyday acids that develop from certain foods and drinks can put your enamel at risk. This acid scale from CREST shows the level of acidity in some everyday foods and drinks that can erode your enamel.

4.Plaque buildup. Plaque is a soft, sticky film that builds up on your teeth and contains millions of bacteria. The bacteria in plaque cause tooth decay and gum disease if they are not removed regularly through brushing and flossing

What Can You Do About Sensitive Teeth?

1. Take Care of Your Tooth Enamel-
Don’t use a hard toothbrush. Don’t brush too hard
2. Avoid acidic foods and drinks-Soda, sticky candy, high-sugar carbs.
3. Move to -Fiber-rich fruits and vegetables, Cheese, Milk, Plain yogurt
4. Save from your stress (6)-If not possible, visit the dentist. He may fix splint or a mouthguard.
5. Use specific toothpaste for sensitive teeth.

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